Fires can be devastating, causing property damage and even loss of life. That is why it is important to take steps to prevent fires from starting and spreading in the first place. There are two main types of fire prevention: active and passive. Our fire department recommends researching and implementing both methods of prevention to ensure your family’s safety.
Active fire prevention involves being mindful of fire hazards in the home and taking steps to address them. Examples include installing smoke detectors and fire sprinklers, keeping flammable materials away from heat sources, and making sure that electrical wiring is up to code.
Passive fire prevention involves designing buildings and structures to slow the spread of fires and limit their damage. Examples include installing fire-resistant building materials, investing in fire doors and walls, and applying intumescent coatings on flammable objects.
Here are some basic principles we encourage you to practice every day to limit the start and spread of fires:
- Always check the burn ban status before burning outdoors.
- Test smoke detectors regularly.
- Never leave cooking food unattended.
- Ensure that cigarettes are properly extinguished.
- Blow out candles before leaving a room or going to sleep.
- Have a plan in place for what to do in case of a fire, and practice it with family members.
- “Close before you doze.” In other words, shut all doors before going to bed, as this can significantly reduce fire spread.
- Have a fire extinguisher in the home, and make sure that everyone knows how to use it.
- Keep a clear space around heating sources, and do not use them to dry clothes or other items.
- Make sure that electrical wiring is up to code, and have a professional inspect it if necessary.
- Inspect cords and replace any with cracks, loose connections, broken plugs, or other noticeable damages.
- Keep flammable materials, such as cleaning products and gasoline, in a safe and secure location.
- Consider installing fire sprinklers. A single sprinkler can effectively control a house fire 90% of the time (American Fire Sprinkler Association).
By following these basic principles and taking steps to prevent fires actively and passively, you harbor a safer environment for your family and our community. We thank you for being a vigilant Boerne/Kendall County citizen!